According to 89/686/EEC directive on safety requirements and protection of workers’ health by using personal protective equipment at workplace, products are divided into three safety categories depending on the risk level to which a worker is exposed while performing a given type of work.
Categories of protection
When it comes to hand protection, there are divided into three categories:
Gloves which provide basic protection. To be applied when there is low risk.
The gloves improve work comfort and their use is not conditioned by the results of tests conducted by research bodies (certification bodies).
The gloves of category 1 have to meet the requirements of EN420 standard “Protective gloves – General requirements and testing methods”.
Gloves which provide protection during works which entail a medium risk of damage.
These gloves are used when the risk is classified as neither low nor very high. Products of this category usually protect against mechanical injuries.
The standard which usually guides the assignment of gloves to this category is the EN388 standard.
This category includes gloves which are used when there is risk of decline of health or life.
The gloves which are assigned to this category of personal protection equipment are used when there is a risk of serious and/or permanent damage to palms and hands.
List Of Standard.
D - Radiant heat resistance (from 0 to 4). It indicates the length of time necessary for the sample to reach a given temperature,|
E - Resistance to small molten metal splashes (from 0 to 4). It indicates the amount of heat necessary for the sample to reach a given temperature,
F - Resistance to large molten metal splashes (from 0 to 4). It indicates the amount of heat necessary to cause damage to the skin substitute placed directly beneath the sample.
Glove sizes according to EN420 standard:
EN 388 relates to gloves that are intended for general industrial usage. The Standard covers the abrasion, cut, tear and Puncture resistance of the glove.|
A Resistance to abrasion (from 0 to 4). Based on the number of cycles required to abrade through the sample glove.
B Blade cut resistance (from 0 to 5). Based on the number of cycles required to cut through the sample at a constant speed.
C Tear resistance (from 0 to 4). Minimum force required to tear the Sample.
D Puncture resistance (from 0 to 4). Amount of force required to pierce the sample with a standard sized point.
Tests and performance levels according to EN388
EN 511 denotes that the gloves offer cold protection. The standards test the convective cold & Contact Cold insulation properties offered by the glove.|
A Resistance to convective cold (from 0 to 4). Measurement of thermal insulation properties of the glove in m² x C/W,
B B Resistance to contact cold (from 0 to 4). Measurement of the thermal resistance of the glove in m² x C/W,
C Water impermeability (from 0 to 1). It determines whether or not water penetration appears within 30 minutes after the start of the test.
EN 407 refers to protective against thermal hazards. The Testing covers the burning behavior, heat resistance and molten metal splash resistance of a glove. |
A - Resistance to flammability (from 0 to 4). Based on the time the material continues to burn and melts after the source of ignition is removed,
B - Contact heat resistance (from 0 to 4). Based on the temperature range from 100°C to 500°C at which the user will feel no pain for at least 15 seconds,
C - Convective heat resistance (from 0 to 4). Based on the time during which the sample is able to delay the transfer of heat,
This standard specifies the requirements and testing methods for gloves used in manual metal welding, cutting and similar techniques.|
Welding gloves are divided into two categories: B if a high degree of comfort is required, and A for other welding processes.